Female infertility is the result of various factors that affect a woman’s body. This article tries to enumerate them and explain them to you.
The inability of the woman to conceive and give birth to a baby is known as Female infertility. This can happen due to several factors like:
Age as a general factor: The downward spiral of female fertility begins from 27. At 35 she approaches toward infertility. And rate of success of becoming pregnant goes down from 3% to 5% post 30. At 50 menopause occurs and this puts a full stop to the dreams and aspirations of becoming a mother.
Genetic causes – Androgen insensitivity syndrome and such other related genetic problems can cause female infertility,
Hypothalamic- pituitary factors that include Hypothalamic Amenorrhea Hypothalamic Amenorrhea. On account of some measure of disturbance in the thyroid gland and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal system, both of which regulate the process of reproduction in the females, the process of menstruation remains absent.
One of the ovarian factors like Polycystic ovary syndrome affects the production of FSH or follicle-stimulating hormone. Consequently, the production and development of egg or ovum faces with a deadlock causing infertility. Other disorders are Anovulation and Diminished Ovarian Reserve. Innately women have a definite egg or oocyte reserve, which depletes as age advances. Also, the condition of oocytes degenerates.
Other major ovary related factors include: Premature Menopause (when the follicles start to disappear well before a lady reaches her menopausal age), Diminished Ovarian Reserve (that can come about with time), Menopause (which marks the end of her child-bearing years), and Luteal Phase Defect or Luteal Dysfunction (where female infertility can occur due to a disability of the female eggs to get implanted). Female infertility can also be brought about by Ovarian Cancer. Gonadal dysgenesis is another probable scenario where the LH (lutienizing hormone) and the FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) are secreted in very low amounts. Hence the functional ovaries do not undergo the required development, and infertility results,
Tubal or ectopic peritoneal factor – The formation of endometrial cells outside the womb, apart from being inside the uterine cavity, gives rise to Endometriosis. Female hormones affect these cells boith inside and outside the cavity. With time the condition worsens and the woman is doomed with infertility. In fact one of the common reasons of sterility is endometriosis. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, constituting bacterial infections, attacks the female pelvic zone comprising reproductive organs, appendix and part of the intestine. Serious disorders like the obstruction of the fallopian tubes also happen. Resultantly, eggs fail to reach out to the uterus. This state is termed as Salpingitis and renders a woman barren. Pelvic Tuberculosis is another heinous form of PID, which has a stark effect on the capacity to be pregnant.
Causes related to the uterus – The female uterus can have fibroids (with some of them just below the uterine cavity lining areas). Known as submucosal uterine fibroids, these can cause heavy flow of blood during menstruation. Uterine fibroids can also lead to frequent miscarriages and female infertility, and
Cervical Stenosis and Non-receptive cervical mucus are some of the cervical factors responsible for female infertility. Certain factors like the low production of cervical mucus or its inability to facilitate the movement of the sperms to enter uterus, cervical narrowing (Stenosis) deteriorate the condition. Cervical infections because of Sexually Transmitted Diseases like Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma hominis, Trichomonas, ureaplasma urealyticum cause sterility too. Even sperm allergy is a viable reason.
Female infertility is thus caused as a result of an array of factors. However, traditional medications fail to point out the actual reasons. Rather they end up with pocket-crunching and complex techniques like IVF and ICSI, which might not be fruitful. Trying out-of-the-box approaches like the holistic remedies look to hook the real causes and then apply effective treatment. Chinese medications, herbs, exercise, diet, acupuncture and changes in the lifestyle are some of the forms of holistic principles that cure infertility.